Cardiovascular Impairments Defined
Frank J. Dito, Jr.
Cardiovascular disease affects your heart and blood vessels. To qualify for Social Security disability benefits with cardiovascular disease, cardiovascular impairments must result from 1 or more of 4 consequences of heart disease or disorders of the veins or arteries:
- Chronic heart failure or ventricular dysfunction;
- Discomfort or pain as a result of myocardial ischemia, with or without necrosis of heart muscle;
- Syncope, or near syncope, as a result of inadequate cerebral perfusion from any cardiac cause; and/or
- Central cyanosis as a result of right-to-left shunt, reduced oxygen concentration in the arterial blood, or pulmonary vascular disease.
The following are the cardiovascular impairments that may qualify you for Social Security disability benefits:
- Chronic heart failure(CHF) - inability of the heart to pump enough oxygenated blood to body tissues;
- Ischemic heart disease (IHD) - results when 1 or more coronary arteries is narrowed, obstructed or constricted, interfering with blood flow to the heart muscle (ischemia);
- Recurrent arrhythmias - change in regular heartbeat. Your heart may seem to skip a beat or beat irregularly, very quickly (tachycardia), or very slowly (bradycardia);
- Symptomatic congenital heart disease - heart structure abnormalities present at birth;
- Heart transplant - surgery in which a patient with a life-threatening heart problem receives a healthy heart from a deceased donor;
- Aneurysm of aorta or major branches - abnormal dilations of arteries caused by weakening of the arterial wall;
- Chronic venous insufficiency - a condition where veins cannot pump enough oxygen-poor blood back to the heart; and/or
- Peripheral arterial disease - circulatory problem in which narrowed arteries reduce blood flow to limbs
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